Genesis 1: 14-19
14. And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years:
15 And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so.
16 And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the stars also.
17 And God set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth,
18 And to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness: and God saw that it was good.
CommentaryThe greater light mentioned here is clearly the sun and lesser light is clearly the moon. Further more based on ancient usage, the word star would include planets as well. These verses cover the enter universe beyond Earth and verse 19 places the time span a one Earth day. Further more according to the rest of the Bible these events took place less the 10,000 years ago.
This presents two difficulties: solar heat reaching the surface of the Sun, and seeing distant starlight.
According to the Standard Solar Model heat from fusion at the sun’s core take millions of years to work its way to the surface. There are to two solutions to difficulty.
1. If the sun was created, then the surface could have been created hot with the core serving only to maintain that heat.
2. Some data from Helioseismology; the study of solar vibrations; has suggested a convection solar model that not only get heat to the surface in days, but suggests an age for the Sun of 6,000-13,000 years.
The solution to the difficulty of seeing distant starlight, involve Relativity’s ability to slow time. There are two viable creation cosmologies that use relativistic mechanics in a bound Universe (one with a center and an edge) to produce sufficient time dilation on Earth. One was developed by Dr. Russell Humphreys and is called the White hole cosmology. The second developed by Dr. John G. Hartnett uses Cosmological relativity